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How To build a Bamboo Privacy Fence/Screen

Bamboo is one of the most elegant and cost effective plant choices for creating a privacy screen or hedge. Bamboo’s ability to grow quickly will allow you to design the hedge with wide spacing, and still create an effective privacy screen. The cost per foot of height is amazingly low compared to other plants used to hedge, such as Cypress or Juniper trees. Many bamboo nurseries can provide 10ft+ tall plants for under $100. Bamboo hedges are excellent for a variety of applications, including ornamental garden hedges, windbreak hedges, and privacy fences.

Best Bamboo Types for Privacy Screen

There are many species of bamboo that can be used to construct a privacy fence. No other plant can provide such a wide range of colors and design options. An ideal hedge bamboo will branch close to the ground and reach a moderate height. The choice of bamboo will also depend on your local climate, so always check the hardiness chart before choosing a bamboo variety.

Common Hedge Bamboos

Pseudosasa japonica – Arrow Bamboo

Semiarundinaria fastuoso – Narihira Bamboo

Phyllostachys nigra – Black Bamboo

P. aureosulcata

P. nidularia

P. heteroclada

P. bissetii

See Additional Hedge Bamboos Here

DIY Bamboo Privacy Fence Instructions

Privacy Fence using bamboo Rhizome Cuttings or Established Plants

This method involves digging a trench and planting rhizome cuttings, which could be compared to planting a flower bulb. This same method can be applied to established plants.

Step 1 – Timing, Soil, and Location

It is always best to plant bamboo in mid-late spring, ideally when daily high temperatures range from 60 to 85 degrees F. Privacy Screen Bamboo species will thrive in areas that receive full sunlight. Soil conditions should fertile, with high humus content and full drainage. You can add well rotted manure to improve the fertility of the soil. An effective privacy screen should always planted under these ideal conditions.

Step 2 –Digging and Placing a Trench

Start by digging a trench 18 inches (1.5 feet) deep and 36 inches (3 feet) wide. Provide a minimum of 5 feet of space away from any existing fence lines. Running bamboo has the ability to spread quickly, so wide spacing can provide an effective privacy hedge after several years of growth.

Step 3 – Planting

Planting Rhizome Cuttings: It is critical to obtain rhizomes cuttings that were formed in the previous year to achieve optimal growth. You can identify 1 year old rhizomes by the presence of small sheaths, or bud scales. Each rhizome should have a minimum of 4 buds, but the more the better. The buds should be pointing upward when planted. Provide at least 6 inches of space on each side. Plant the rhizome in 2 inches of soil and

Planting Established Plants: Young, healthy bamboo plants should be selected for your privacy hedge. Cut the stems of the plant down to 1 foot. Provide 1 to 3 feet of spacing on each side. Cover the plants with 6 inches of loose soil up to the natural soil line. A layer of mulch is helpful to protect the base of the plant.

Yellow Groove Bamboo for Privacy Hedge
Yellow Groove is an attractive hedge Bamboo

Step 4 – Watering

Do NOT overwater bamboo! This is one of the most common pitfalls of bamboo growers. The newly planted rhizomes or plants should only need 2 inches of water every 4 days. Make adjustments to this based on the rain levels in your area. You can also add a basic fertilizer once per month if the plants are struggling.